National Diabetes Month 2017

Diabetes is a chronic disorder characterized by high levels of blood sugar. It can lead to a host of complications, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease, nervous system disease, and limb amputation. Although many of the complications of diabetes occur over long periods of time, poorly controlled blood glucose levels can also result in acute medical emergencies, such as seizures or coma or even death.

The number of people with diabetes in the United States is growing. According to the 2014 publication from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 29.1 million children and adults in the United States are living with diabetes. Among people aged twenty and older, 208,000 people have been diagnosed with diabetes (type 1 or type 2). Furthermore, an estimated 86 million adults aged 20 years and older have prediabetes. Despite its prevalence, many Americans are unaware of the basic facts about diabetes and the progress being made in the fight against it. For example, new forms of treatment are being developed making it easier to manage, and work on pancreatic islet transplantation and an artificial pancreas offer hope for an eventual cure.

Diabetes Sourcebook, Sixth Edition provides basic consumer health information about the different types of diabetes and how they are diagnosed. Specifically, Chapter 8 covers the importance of eating healthy and how diet and nutrition effects ones body as it pertains to Diabetes prevention and management.

Questions answered in this chapter include:

  • Why eat healthy foods?
  • How does food affect my body?
  • What should I eat?
  • What about sugar, sweets, and desserts? Am I allowed to eat them again?
  • How much should I eat?
  • What happens when I eat foods containing carbohydrates?
  • How much carbohydrate do I need each day?
  • How can I find out how much carbohydrate is in the foods I eat?

In efforts to spread awareness of Diabetes and in honor of National Diabetes Month please feel free to download Chapter 8 of Diabetes Sourcebook, 6th Ed. here for free.

 

Happy Halloween!

The History of Halloween

October 31

Halloween has its ultimate origins in the ancient Celtic harvest festival, SAMHAIN, a time when people believed that the spirits of the dead roamed the earth. Irish settlers brought their Halloween customs—which included bobbing for apples and lighting jack-o’-lanterns—to America in the 1840s.

In the United States children go from house to house in costume— often dressed as ghosts, skeletons, or vampires—on Halloween saying, “Trick or treat!” Though for the most part the threat is in jest, the “trick” part of the children’s cry carries the implication that if they don’t receive a treat, the children will subject that house to some kind of prank, such as marking its windows with a bar of soap or throwing eggs at it. Most receive treats in the form of candy or money. But Halloween parties and parades are popular with adults as well. Because nuts were a favorite means of foretelling the future on this night, All Hallows’ Eve in England became known as Nutcrack Night. Other British names for the day include Bob Apple Night, Duck (or Dookie) Apple Night, Crab Apple Night, Thump-the-door Night, and, in Wales, APPLE AND CANDLE NIGHT. In the United States it is sometimes referred to as Trick or Treat Night.

Halloween in Ireland

October 31

In Ireland, HALLOWEEN is observed with traditional foods and customs that are largely based on superstitions or folk beliefs. One of the dishes served is known as colcannon, or callcannon. It consists of mashed potatoes, parsnips, and chopped onions. A ring, a thimble, a small china doll, and a coin are mixed in, and the one who finds the ring will be married within a year. The one who finds the doll will have children, the one who finds the coin will be wealthy, and the one who finds the thimble will never marry.

Barmbrack—a cake made with a ring concealed inside—is a variation on the same theme. Whoever gets the ring in his or her slice will be the first to marry. Sometimes there is a nut inside, and the one who finds the nut will marry a widow or widower. If the kernel of the nut is shriveled, the finder will never marry.

Nuts have traditionally played a role in Halloween celebrations in the British Isles. In England, Halloween is known as Nutcrack Night. In Ireland, a popular superstition involved putting three nuts on the hearth and naming them after lovers.

If one of the nuts cracked or jumped, that lover would be unfaithful; if it began to burn, it meant that he was interested. If a girl named one of the nuts after herself and it burned together with the nut named after her lover, it meant that they would be married.

The jack-o’-lantern, according to the Irish, was the invention of a man named Jack who was too greedy to get into heaven and couldn’t get into hell because he had tricked the devil.

The devil threw him a lighted coal from hell instead, and Jack stuck it in the turnip he was eating. According to the legend, he used it to light his way as he wandered the earth looking for a final resting place.

Halloween in New Orleans, Louisiana

October 31

HALLOWEEN is a spooky and macabre celebration in New Orleans, La., when costumed revelers parade up and down Bourbon Street and actors dressed as legendary characters are on the streets to narrate their grisly histories. The sheriff’s Haunted House in City Park is a standard feature, and a Ghost Train rolls through the park while costumed police officers jump out of bushes to spook the riders.

The Voodoo Museum usually offers a special Halloween ritual in which people may see voodoo rites. Walking tours take visitors to such haunts as Le Pretre House, where a Turkish sultan and his five wives were murdered one night in 1792; it is said that their ghosts still have noisy parties.

On a more solemn note, the St. Louis Cathedral holds vigil services on Halloween, and several masses on ALL SAINTS’ DAY. On the afternoon of that day, the archbishop leaves the cathedral for St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 to bless the newly scrubbed and decorated tombs.

Halloween in Scotland

October 31

Many of the traditional customs associated with HALLOWEEN in Scotland are described in the famous poem of that name by the Scottish poet Robert BURNS, although not all of them are still observed. “Pulling the kail” referred to the custom of sending boys and girls out into the garden (or kailyard) blindfolded.

They were instructed to pull up the first plant they encountered and bring it into the house, where its size, shape, and texture would reveal the appearance and disposition of the finder’s future husband or wife. It was also believed that by eating an apple in front of a mirror, a young woman could

see the reflection of her future mate peering over her shoulder.

Another custom referred to by Burns was known as “The Three Dishes,” or Luggies. One was filled with clean water, one with dirty water, and one remained empty. They were arranged on the hearth, and as people were led into the room blindfolded, they would dip their fingers into one of the bowls. Choosing the clean water indicated that one would marry a maiden (or bachelor); the dirty water indicated marriage to a widow (or widower). The empty dish meant that the person was destined never to marry.

“Dipping the shift” was another popular superstition regarding marital prospects. If someone dipped a shirt-sleeve in a south-running stream and hung it up by the fi re to dry, the apparition of the person’s future mate would come in to turn the sleeve.

Superstition surrounded death as well as marriage. It was customary on Halloween for each member of the family to put a stone in the fire and mark a circle around it. When the fire went out, the ashes were raked over the stones. If one of the stones was found out of place the next morning, it means the person to whom it belonged would die within the year.


This content is sourced from Holidays Around the World, 6th Edition. Please feel free to visit our webpage to find out how you can learn more about holidays, festivals, celebrations, commemorations, holy days, feasts and fasts, and other observances from all parts of the world

Domestic Violence Awareness Month

What Is Domestic Violence?

• Nearly 3 in 10 women and 1 in 10 men in the United States have experienced rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by a partner and report a related impact on their functioning.

• IPV (Intimate Partner Violence) resulted in 2,340 deaths in 2007—accounting for 14% of all homicides. Of these deaths, 70% were females and 30% were males.

• The medical care, mental health services, and lost productivity (e.g., time away from work) cost of IPV was an estimated $8.3 billion in 2003 for women alone. These numbers underestimate the problem. Many victims do not report IPV to police, friends, or family. Victims may think others will not believe them or that the police cannot help.

How does IPV (Intimate Partner Violence) affect health?

IPV can affect health in many ways. The longer the violence goes on, the more serious the effects. Many victims suffer physical injuries. Some are minor like cuts, scratches, bruises, and welts. Others are more serious and can cause death or disabilities. These include broken bones, internal bleeding, and head trauma.

Not all injuries are physical. IPV can also cause emotional harm. Victims may have trauma symptoms. This includes flashbacks, panic attacks, and trouble sleeping. Victims often have low self-esteem. They may have a hard time trusting others and being in relationships. The anger and stress that victims feel may lead to eating disorders and depression. Some victims even think about or commit suicide.

IPV is also linked to negative health outcomes, such as chronic pain, difficulty sleeping, activity limitations, and poor physical and mental health.

IPV is also linked to harmful health behaviors. Victims may try to cope with their trauma in unhealthy ways. This includes smoking, drinking, taking drugs, or having risky sex.

 How can we prevent IPV?

The goal is to stop IPV before it begins. There is a lot to learn about how to prevent IPV. We do know that strategies that promote healthy behaviors in relationships are important. Programs that teach young people skills for dating can prevent violence. These programs can stop violence in dating relationships before it occurs.

We know less about how to prevent IPV in adults. However, some programs that teach healthy relationship skills seem to help stop violence before it ever starts. Domestic violence can happen to anyone regardless of race, age, sexual orientation, religion, or gender. Domestic violence affects people of all socioeconomic backgrounds and education levels. Domestic violence occurs in both opposite-sex and same-sex relationships and can happen to intimate partners who are married, living together, or dating.

Domestic violence not only affects those who are abused, but also has a substantial effect on family members, friends, co-workers, other witnesses, and the community at large. Children, who grow up witnessing domestic violence, are among those seriously affected by this crime. Frequent exposure to violence in the home not only predisposes children to numerous social and physical problems, but also teaches them that violence is a normal way of life—therefore, increasing their risk of becoming society’s next generation of victims and abusers.

 Getting Help

If you are someone you know is effected by any form of domestic abuse or violence we encourage you to download or share the free resources below providing information on how help can be found.

Domestic Violence Resources

Domestic Violence Hotlines

State Child Abuse Reporting Numbers

Shelter for Pets of Domestic Violence Victims

October Is Breast Cancer Awareness Month

A woman born in the United States today has a 1 in 8 chance of being diagnosed with breast cancer at some point during her life. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for women in the United States. National Breast Cancer Awareness Month focuses attention on the disease and is chance to raise awareness about the importance of screening and the early detection.

Below is a link to download a directory of resources from Breast Cancer Sourcebook which lists organizations that provide information, support, and advocacy for people with breast cancer.

Directory of Organizations That Offer Information and Financial Assistance to People with Breast Cancer

Comprehensive information about the risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer is available in Breast Cancer Sourcebook, 5th Edition.

Celebration of Confucius’ Birthday

Confucius’s Birthday           (Teacher’s Day)

September 28

A time to commemorate the birth of the teacher Confucius, perhaps the most influential man in China’s history. In Qufu, Shandong Province, China, the birthplace of Confucius, there is a two-week-long Confucian Culture Festival. In Hong Kong, observances are held by the Confucian Society at the Confucius Temple at Causeway Bay near this date. Confucius, the Latinized version of the name K’ung-fu-tzu, was born in 551 B.C.E. during the Warring States Period and developed a system of ethics and politics that stressed five virtues: charity, justice, propriety, wisdom, and loyalty. His teachings were recorded by his followers in the Analects and formed the code of ethics called Confucianism that is still the cornerstone of Chinese thought. It taught filial obedience, respect, and selflessness; the Confucian “golden rule” is “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.” Confucius died at the age of 73 in 479 B.C.E.

During the Cultural Revolution, Confucianism lost favor, and in the late 1960s Red Guards defaced many of the buildings in Qufu. They have since been restored, and the festival held there from late September into October attracts scholars from China and abroad. The festival opens with a ceremony accompanied by ancient music and dance and includes exhibitions and lectures on the life and teachings of Confucius and on Chinese customs.

Commemorations in Taiwan take the form of dawn services at the Confucian temples. The Confucius Temple in Tainan was built in 1665 by Gen. Chen Yunghua of the Ming Dynasty and is the oldest Confucian temple in Taiwan.

CONTACTS                                                                                               Taiwan Government Information Office                                                    4201 Wisconsin Ave. N.W.                                                             Washington, D.C. 20016 United States                                                       202-895-1850; fax: 202-362-6144                             www.taiwanembassy.org

To learn more about holidays, festivals, commemorations, holy days, feasts and fasts, and other observances from all parts of the world check out the latest edition of Holidays Around the World 2018.

Citizenship Day – September 17

Citizenship Day

September 17th

Citizenship Day is an outgrowth of two earlier patriotic celebrations. As the anniversary of the signing of the Constitution of the United States in 1787, September 17 was first observed in Philadelphia shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War as Constitution Day. Then in 1940 Congress set aside the third Sunday in May as ”I Am an American” Day, which honored those who had become U.S. citizens during the preceding year. The two holidays were combined in 1952 and called Citizenship Day. A number of states and cities hold special exercises on September 17 to focus attention on the rights and obligations of citizenship. Schools make a special effort to acquaint their students with the history and importance of the Constitution. Naturalization ceremonies, re-creations of the signing of the Constitution, and parades are other popular ways of celebrating Citizenship Day. Several states observe the entire week in which this day occurs as Constitution Week.

Additional information about Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World, including an explanation of calendar systems around the world; facts about the U.S. states and territories; U.S. presidents; legal holidays by state and by country; domestic and international tourism sources; bibliography; and the chronological, special subject, and general indexes can be found in  Holidays Around the World 2018, 6th Ed.

 

Just Released: Savings and Investment Information for Teens, 3rd Edition

The financial services market offers today’s consumers a wide variety of products, services, and providers to choose from to meet their financial needs. While this degree of choice provides a great number of options, it also requires that consumers be equipped with the information, knowledge, and skills to evaluate their options and identify those that best suit their needs and circumstances.

Continue reading “Just Released: Savings and Investment Information for Teens, 3rd Edition”

Just Released: Suicide Information for Teens, 3rd Edition

 

Teens often face a host of stressors and confusing feelings as they grow through the adolescent years. The emotions associated with puberty, self-doubt, confusion about the future, family problems, and school pressures can sometimes seem overwhelming.

Continue reading “Just Released: Suicide Information for Teens, 3rd Edition”

Facing Financial Aid Fears

If anyone says they enjoy applying for financial aid, they are lying. Between the competing deadlines, forms, and requirements, successfully applying for and getting financial aid is no small achievement for a student.

How can librarians and educators help? Below are four steps that will help organize your students as they prepare to take (and pay for) the next important step in their lives.

Continue reading “Facing Financial Aid Fears”