Health360 Team

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Psoriasis 101: Everything You Need to Know

Posted by Health360 Team on Aug 4, 2020 3:38:09 PM

What Is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, scaly skin that may feel painful, swollen or hot.
If your child have psoriasis, they are more likely to get some other conditions, including:

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August is Breastfeeding Awareness Month

Posted by Health360 Team on Aug 4, 2020 3:24:55 PM

When you breastfeed, you give your baby a healthy start that lasts a lifetime. Breastmilk is the perfect food for your baby. Breastfeeding saves lives, money, and time.

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Biologics: New Treatments for Juvenile Arthritis

Posted by Health360 Team on Jul 7, 2020 11:49:35 AM

Juvenile arthritis is one of the most common chronic illnesses affecting children. The most common symptoms include joint pain, inflammation (swelling), tenderness and stiffness. One early sign may be limping in the morning.

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Athletes and Skin Cancer Risk

Posted by Health360 Team on Jul 6, 2020 1:51:55 PM

As summer rages on in the Northern Hemisphere, many athletes are trading their indoor gym for outdoor workouts. The option to train outdoors is a welcome relief to those who have been in lockdown due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but as we move outdoors, there is one big factor to keep in mind. 

What Is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The two most common types of skin cancer-basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas-are highly curable, but can be disfiguring and costly. Melanoma, the third most common skin cancer, is more dangerous and causes the most deaths. The majority of these three types of skin cancer are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light.

Ultraviolet (UV) Light

Ultraviolet (UV) rays are an invisible kind of radiation that comes from the sun, tanning beds, and sunlamps. UV rays can penetrate and change skin cells.

The three types of UV rays are ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB), and ultraviolet C (UVC):

  • Most UV rays that reach the surface of the earth are UVA rays. UVA rays can reach deep into human skin and damage connective tissue and the skin's DNA.
  • Most UVB rays are absorbed by the ozone layer, so fewer of them reach the earth's surface compared to UVA rays. UVB rays, which help produce vitamin D in the skin, don't reach as far into the skin as UVA rays, but they can still cause sunburn and damage DNA.
  • UVC rays are very dangerous, but they are absorbed completely by the ozone layer and do not reach the earth's surface.

In addition to causing sunburn, too much exposure to UV rays can change skin texture, cause the skin to age prematurely, and can lead to skin cancer. UV rays also have been linked to eye conditions such as cataracts.

UV Index

The National Weather Service (NWS) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the UV Index (www.epa.gov/enviro/uv-index-search) to forecast the risk of overexposure to UV rays. It lets you know how much caution you should take when working, playing, or exercising outdoors.

The UV Index predicts exposure levels on a 1 to 15 scale; higher levels indicate a higher risk of overexposure. Calculated on a next-day basis for dozens of cities across the United States, the UV Index takes into account clouds and other local conditions that affect the amount of UV rays reaching the ground.

What Are the Risk Factors for Skin Cancer?

Anyone can get skin cancer, but people with certain characteristics are at greater risk-

  • A lighter natural skin color
  • Skin that burns, freckles, reddens easily, or becomes painful in the sun
  • Blue or green eyes
  • Blond or red hair
  • Certain types and a large number of moles
  • A family history of skin cancer
  • A personal history of skin cancer

Tanning and Burning

Regardless of whether you have any of the risk factors listed above, reducing your exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays can help keep your skin healthy and lower your chances of getting skin cancer in the future. Most people get at least some UV exposure from the sun when they spend time outdoors. Making sun protection an everyday habit will help you to enjoy the outdoors safely, avoid getting a sunburn, and lower your skin cancer risk.

Indoor tanning (using a tanning bed, booth, sunbed, or sunlamp to get tan) exposes users to high levels of UV radiation for the purpose of getting a tan. When UV rays reach the skin's inner layer, the skin makes more melanin. Melanin is the pigment that colors the skin. It moves toward the outer layers of the skin and becomes visible as a tan.

A tan does not indicate good health. A tan is your skin's response to injury, because skin cells signal that they have been hurt by UV rays by producing more pigment. Any change in skin color after UV exposure (whether it is a tan or a burn) is a sign of injury, not health. Over time, too much exposure to UV rays can cause skin cancers including melanoma (the deadliest type of skin cancer), basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. UV exposure can also cause cataracts and cancers of the eye (ocular melanoma). Every time you tan, you increase your risk of getting skin cancer.

What Are the Symptoms of Skin Cancer?

A change in your skin is the most common sign of skin cancer. This could be a new growth, a sore that doesn't heal, or a change in a mole. Not all skin cancers look the same.

A simple way to remember the signs of melanoma is to remember the A-B-C-D-Es of melanoma:

  • "A" stands for asymmetrical. Does the mole or spot have an irregular shape with two parts that look very different?
  • "B" stands for border. Is the border irregular or jagged?
  • "C" is for color. Is the color uneven?
  • "D" is for diameter. Is the mole or spot larger than the size of a pea?
  • "E" is for evolving. Has the mole or spot changed during the past few weeks or months?

Talk to your doctor if you notice changes in your skin such as a new growth, a sore that doesn't heal, a change in an old growth, or any of the A-B-C-D-Es of melanoma.

What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk of Skin Cancer?

Protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation is important all year round, not just during the summer or at the beach. UV rays from the sun can reach you on cloudy and hazy days, as well as bright and sunny days. UV rays also reflect off of surfaces like water, cement, sand, and snow. Indoor tanning (using a tanning bed, booth, or sunlamp to get tan) exposes users to UV radiation.

The hours between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Daylight Saving Time (9 a.m. to 3 p.m. standard time) are the most hazardous for UV exposure outdoors in the continental United States. UV rays from sunlight are the greatest during the late spring and early summer in North America.

Few easy options for protection from UV radiation:

  • Stay in the shade, especially during midday hours.
  • Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs.
  • Wear a hat with a wide brim to shade your face, head, ears, and neck.
  • Wear sunglasses that wrap around and block both UVA and UVB rays.
  • Use sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) 15 or higher, and both UVA and UVB protection.
  • Avoid indoor tanning.

How Can I Protect My Children from the Sun?

Just a few serious sunburns can increase your child's risk of skin cancer later in life. Kids don't have to be at the pool, beach, or on vacation to get too much sun. Their skin needs protection from the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays whenever they're outdoors.

  • Seek shade. UV rays are strongest and most harmful during midday, so it's best to plan indoor activities then. If this is not possible, seek shade under a tree, an umbrella, or a pop-up tent. Use these options to prevent sunburn, not to seek relief after it's happened.
  • Cover up. When possible, long-sleeved shirts and long pants and skirts can provide protection from UV rays. Clothes made from tightly woven fabric offer the best protection. A wet T-shirt offers much less UV protection than a dry one, and darker colors may offer more protection than lighter colors. Some clothing certified under international standards comes with information on its ultraviolet protection factor.
  • Get a hat. Hats that shade the face, scalp, ears, and neck are easy to use and give great protection. Baseball caps are popular among kids, but they don't protect their ears and neck. If your child chooses a cap, be sure to protect exposed areas with sunscreen.
  • Wear sunglasses. They protect your child's eyes from UV rays, which can lead to cataracts later in life. Look for sunglasses that wrap around and block as close to 100 percent of both UVA and UVB rays as possible.
  • Apply sunscreen. Use sunscreen with at least SPF 15 and UVA and UVB protection every time your child goes outside. For the best protection, apply sunscreen generously 30 minutes before going outdoors. Don't forget to protect ears, noses, lips, and the tops of feet.

Take sunscreen with you to reapply during the day, especially after your child swims or exercises. This applies to waterproof and water-resistant products as well. Follow the directions on the package for using a sunscreen product on babies less than 6 months old. All products do not have the same ingredients; if you or your child's skin reacts badly to one product, try another one or call a doctor. Your baby's best defense against sunburn is avoiding the sun or staying in the shade. Keep in mind, sunscreen is not meant to allow kids to spend more time in the sun than they would otherwise. Try combining sunscreen with other options to prevent UV damage.

Too Much Sun Hurts

Turning pink? Unprotected skin can be damaged by the sun's UV rays in as little as 15 minutes. Yet it can take up to 12 hours for skin to show the full effect of sun exposure. So, if your child's skin looks "a little pink" today, it may be burned tomorrow morning. To prevent further burning, get your child out of the sun.

Tan? There's no other way to say it-tanned skin is damaged skin. Any change in the color of your child's skin after time outside-whether sunburn or suntan-indicates damage from UV rays.

Cool and cloudy? Children still need protection. UV rays, not the temperature, do the damage. Clouds do not block UV rays, they filter them-and sometimes only slightly.

Oops! Kids often get sunburned when they are outdoors unprotected for longer than expected. Remember to plan ahead, and keep sun protection handy-in your car, bag, or child's backpack.


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Topics: Fitness, Outdoor, Blog

Weekend Recap: National HIV Testing Day

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 29, 2020 9:46:49 AM

Did you observe June 27th? 

June 27 is observed as National HIV Testing Day each year to encourage people to get tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and know their status. It also emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages everyone between the ages of 13–64 to get tested at least once as part of a routine health screening. The theme for 2020 is ‘Knowing’—knowing your status, your risk, and your treatment options. Since due to the COVID-19 pandemic this year, facility based service and in-person contact is limited, self-testing is a feasible option. According to the CDC there are 1.1 million people in the U.S. with HIV.  

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Migraine Month Awareness

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 26, 2020 5:47:55 PM

The month of June is recognized as Migraine and Headache Awareness Month. It is a time to raise awareness and advocate recognition and treatment of this disabling disease. Healthcare professionals, patient advocates, and the migraine community play a key role in awareness efforts to bring about a change in society. Those suffering from this disease may withdraw themselves from certain daily activities and some may even fail to recognize it as a disease due to the stigma and lack of compassion around its symptoms. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), headache disorders are the most common disorders of the nervous system.

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PTSD Awareness Month

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 23, 2020 1:04:41 AM

The month of June is observed as posttraumatic stress disorder Awareness Month (PTSD Awareness Month). PTSD is a condition that affects those who have experienced trauma in combat, accident, domestic abuse, or disasters. It can happen to anyone and at any agemen, women, and children. As a result, the person may experience trouble sleeping, have recurrent nightmares, react intensely due to trauma flashbacks, isolate oneself, and have trouble in relationships. PTSD can be a treatable, life-long condition, although some affected individuals may recover months after the traumatic incident. 

The National Center of PTSD estimates that 7–8 out of every 100 people will experience PTSD during their lifetime, including about 4 of every 100 men and 10 of every 100 women. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) along with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and U.S. Department of Defence (DOD) support new research in the field of PTSD and related conditions to help develop better tools to identify those at a higher risk of developing the disorder and to come up with better treatment plans. The condition was often stigmatized after the Vietnam conflict but the misunderstanding around the disorder slowly started to change in 1980. 

How to observe PTSD Awareness Month

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Today is Family Fitness Day!

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 13, 2020 4:31:15 PM

Celebrated on every second Saturday in June, Family Health and Fitness Day promote the health benefits provided by the local parks and recreation department to communities. According to a survey by the National Recreation and Park Association, 83% of adults agree that visiting their local parks during this pandemic is essential for their physical and mental well-being. Approximately 68% of Millennials and 65% of Gen Zers agree that parks and open spaces are essential for physical activity that improves their overall health. 

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June is Men's Health Month

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 10, 2020 10:43:07 AM

The month of June is recognized as Men’s Health Month, a national observance to raise awareness of preventable health problems and early detection of diseases in men. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that, on an average, men die 5 years earlier than women in the United States. They are also less likely to be insured than women.

Although various social and lifestyle factors play a role in mortality rates, there is evidence to suggest that biological and genetic factors also come into play. For instance, men carry one X and one Y chromosome and women carry two X chromosomes. This biological difference makes men more vulnerable than women to genetic mutation leading to life-threatening conditions. Blood samples of healthy individuals have also revealed that the loss of infection fighting white blood cells (WHC) occurs faster in men than women. Testosterone, the primary hormone in men responsible for male strength and virility, may also increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and cancer later in life. Estrogen, the female hormone responsible for female sex traits, on the other hand, appears to protect against disease. Estrogen’s antioxidant properties help to eliminate chemicals that may cause cell damage

You can support the men and young boys in your life by setting an example and encouraging them to make healthy lifestyle choices: 

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Alzheimer's Awareness Month

Posted by Health360 Team on Jun 5, 2020 11:01:23 AM

Alzheimer's Awareness Month

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