Protecting Yourself from Online Predators

You probably connect with people online a lot and love it. Just remember to be smart about what you share. Even with privacy settings your info and photos can wind up being seen by lots of people, including your parents/guardians, your teachers, bosses, and strangers, some of whom could be dangerous. Even information that seems harmless, such as where you went to dinner last night, could be used by a stranger to find you.

Scam artists have been known to use personal information to pose as a friend, in hopes that you will give them more personal information, such as your credit card or cell phone numbers. Never give out ANY personal information online.

  • Before joining an "online community" or writing in a blog, think about who might be able to see your profile. Some sites will let only certain users see your posted content; others let everyone see postings.
  • Think about keeping some control over the information you post. If you can, limit access to your page to a select group of people, such as your friends from school, your club, your team, your community groups, or your family. Keep in mind, though, this does not always mean that other people can't see your page.
  • Keep your information to yourself. Don't post your full name, Social Security number (SSN), address, phone number, or bank and credit card account numbers-and don't post other people's information, either.
  • Be careful about posting information that could be used to identify you or locate you at home or school. This could include the name of your school, sports team, clubs, and where you work, live, or hang out.
  • In some instances, you may be asked to supply your birthday or other information. For example, Facebook requests your full name, birthday, and gender in order to set up a page about yourself. In this case, Facebook requests your birthday to protect young people from 'adult' content. Be sure to have an adult, like a parent or guardian, review any website that may request this kind of information before you post it. If you do receive permission from your parent or guardian to post this kind of information, be sure to limit the people who can view your information to close friends and family.
  • Make sure your screen name doesn't say too much about you. Don't use your name, your age, or your hometown. It doesn't take a genius to combine clues to figure out who you are and where you can be found.
  • Post only information that you are comfortable with others seeing-and knowing-about you. Many people can see your page, including your parents/guardians, your teachers, the police, the college you might want to apply to next year, or the job you might want to apply for in five years.
  • Remember that once you post information online, you can't take it back. Even if you delete the information from a site, older versions exist on other people's computers.
  • Don't post your photo. It can be changed and spread around in ways you may not be happy about.
  • Don't flirt with strangers online. Because some people lie about who they really are, you never really know who you're dealing with.
  • Don't meet someone you met online in person. If someone you met online wants to meet you in person, tell your parents/guardians or a trusted adult right away.
  • Trust your gut if you have suspicions. If you feel threatened by someone or uncomfortable because of something online, tell your parents/guardians or an adult you trust and report it to the police and the website. You could end up protecting someone else.
  • Choose your words wisely. Some websites where you can chat with your friends have rules about what you can say. You can get kicked out if you break those rules.

Potential Risks

  • Cyberbullying and harassment, usually by peers
  • Sharing sexually explicit photographs
  • Inaccurate or harmful health and sexuality information
  • Exposure to inappropriate and illegal content
  • Sharing too much information
  • Sexual solicitations

(Source: "Talking With Teens About Online Safety: How You Make A Difference," Office of Adolescent Health (OAH), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).)


Is It Okay To Share My Password With My Best Friend?

No. You should not share your password with any of your friends, even your best friend. The only people who should know your Internet or email password are your parents/guardians and you! If you let someone else know what your password is, then they can read anything that you may want to keep private. Another person could use bad language or go to sites you shouldn't be visiting under your name.

Is There Anything That I Shouldn't Tell Someone On The Internet?

Yes! Just like you wouldn't walk up to a stranger and give out your phone number or share your name, where you live, or where you go to school, you shouldn't share this kind of information online either. It is very important that you don't email or instant message (IM) anyone that you don't know or share any information that can identify you.


Don't post your photo on the Internet or send it to someone you don't know.

Don't post or send personal information, including:

  • Full name
  • Address
  • Phone number
  • Login name, IM screen name, passwords
  • School name
  • School location
  • Sports teams
  • Clubs
  • City you live in
  • Social Security number (SSN)
  • Financial information (credit card numbers and bank account numbers)
  • Where you work or hang out
  • Names of family members

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